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What Are the Principles of Animation

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The most important skills you must learn to become an animator are the 12 Principles of Animation. Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston, first showed us the core 12 principles of animation in a featurette of Disney Animation Show. They follow the fundamental rules of physics and also take into account appeal and emotions.

Despite being created initially for pencil sketching, the same ideas hold true for digital animation. Even today animators consider it to be the highest standard of learning for animation concepts.

In this article, we will discuss the three core principles which are a part of the animation study curriculum.

Spacing and Timing

The logic of time and space is a huge contributing factor in animation.

Timing is the time interval between two poses or the rate of movement. Timing would be, for instance, if a ball moved from the left to the right screen in a certain number of still/moving frames or shots. The ball travels across the other side of the screen in 24 frames or 1 second. Timing can also define personality, mood, and emotion.

The arrangement of those individual frames is referred to as spacing. The ball’s placement in the next 23 frames would be determined by spacing. The ball goes more slowly when the distances are close together. The ball moves more quickly when the spacing is wider.

Stretch and Squash This principle is very dynamic. Looking at a ball bouncing will help you to grasp how stretch and squash work. A sense of repetitive action game is included in this.

The ball squashes as it hits the ground before extending once more as it lifts off. Please be aware that an object’s volume remains constant. The breadth and depth of the ball must match up when it is compressed or stretched, for example.

The face is highly versatile, so when someone communicates, the face squashes and stretches. Animation can make this more pronounced. It can be used to give a comedic effect in a variety of animation contexts.


Animation builds up the audience’s anticipation for an upcoming action, which is necessary to sell genuine actions.

A simple illustration of this is that in order to have enough energy to pitch the ball forward, a baseball player must first shift their entire body and arm backwards. Therefore, an animated person must first move backwards if they need to move forward. The continuation theme has to be induced in these. This not only increases their momentum but also alerts the viewers to the impending movement of this person.

Where to study animation?

In order to learn all, the principles of animation properly, you will need to enrol in an animation institute in Kolkata. A professional course will guide you from the grassroots basics till the end. By the end of the training period, you will be able to flourish as an industry-ready animation artist. Moople Institute of Animation and Design offers such courses.

There are certain animation courses available at Moople which are ought to help you to achieve your dream career. Check out the website for more details on the same.

Benefits of Studying Animation

Animation is one of the most lucrative industries out there. It has magnanimous scope. The benefits of studying animation would entail a very prosperous career, to begin with. Additionally, it is a soaring career. This means that students have great scope in terms of this field’s potential. Animation is the crux of today‚Äôs media and entertainment business. It is very sought after by the students who pass out from school. If you are serious about your career, book a counselling session with us today. It is completely free of cost and our experts will help you further.